Study 0 From the Book of Obadiah is: The Introduction of Obadiah
Obadiah’s message is almost entirely a denunciation of Edom for unbrotherly conduct to Israel, and a prophecy of the destruction of that proud kingdom and people. But the prophet associates Edom’s fall with the day of the Lord and foresees Israel’s recovery of their promised possessions, and the universal triumph of God’s reign and kingdom.
The Edomites, as the descendants of Esau, and the Israelites, as the descendants of Jacob, were enemies from the time that Israel took possession of Canaan (see Nu. 20:14-21), and there are many references in the historical and prophetic books to Edom, which show the antipathy between Edom and Israel, and the difference in their destinies. See e.g., 2 Sa. 8:14; 2 Ki. 14:7; Je. 49:7-22; Ezk. 25:12-17; Am. 1:11, 12; Mal. 1:1-5.